10/28

October 28, 2019, 9:00 a.m. (CET)

Critical Thinking for Scientists

Time
October 28, 2019, 9:00 a.m. (CET) – November 25, 2019, 5:00 p.m. (CET)
Lecturer
Prof. Dr. Thomas Zoglauer (Studium der Mathematik, Physik und Philosophie; 1990 Promotion an der Universität Stuttgart; 1997 Habilitation an der BTU Cottbus mit dem Titel „Normenkonflikte: Zur Logik und Rationalität ethischen Argumentierens”. In seinen zahlreichen Veröffentlichungen stellt er in eindrücklicher Weise die ethischen Grundfragen und Probleme unserer Zeit anhand anschaulicher praktischer Beispiele dar).

Reasoning and logical inference are essential ingredients of scientific thinking and are important in engineering and the social sciences. Especially in causal and probabilistic reasoning are lurking fallacies, paradoxes, and other pitfalls. Psychological literature is full of examples of scientific fallacies, cognitive biases, and distorted risk perception. In this workshop we will learn how to avoid these fallacies. Participants will gain competence in logical thinking (de-ductive and inductive inference), the evaluation of causal and statistical arguments, rational choice theory, and risk assessment.

Learning results:

  • competence in logical reasoning,
  • knowing how to draw conclusions from given premises,
  • ability to distinguish between valid and invalid inferences,
  • ability to distinguish between causation and correlation,
  • knowing how to use bayesianism as a tool for probabilistic reasoning,
  • knowing how to decide under risk and uncertainty.

Main topics:

deductive and inductive inference, logical fallacies, verificationism and falsificationism, scientific reasoning according to Popper and Kuhn, probabilistic reasoning, bayesianism, the Monty Hall problem, the Simpson paradox, causation and correlation, the common cause principle, rational choice theory, the framing effect, the Ellsberg paradox, risk assessment, decision making under risk and uncertainty. 

Promovierende der Universität Stuttgart
Universität Stuttgart
Azenbergareal. Der genaue Veranstaltungsort wird eine Woche vor der Veranstaltung per E-Mail bekannt gegeben.
70174   Stuttgart
Graduierten-Akademie der Universität Stuttgart GRADUS
Phone: 0711 685 81092

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